The Great Spa Towns of Europe

 Austria,Belgium,Czechia,France,Germany,Italy,United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


The transnational site of The Great Spa Towns of Europe comprises 11 towns, located in seven European countries: Baden bei Wien (Austria); Spa (Belgium); Frantis?kovy La´zne? (Czechia); Karlovy Vary (Czechia); Maria´nske´ La´zne? (Czechia); Vichy (France); Bad Ems (Germany); Baden-Baden (Germany); Bad Kissingen (Germany); Montecatini Terme (Italy); and City of Bath (United Kingdom). All of these towns developed around natural mineral water springs. They bear witness to the international European spa culture that developed from the early 18th century to the 1930s, leading to the emergence of grand international resorts that impacted urban typology around ensembles of spa buildings such as the kurhaus and kursaal (buildings and rooms dedicated to therapy), pump rooms, drinking halls, colonnades and galleries designed to harness the natural mineral water resources and to allow their practical use for bathing and drinking. Related facilities include gardens, assembly rooms, casinos, theatres, hotels and villas, as well as spa-specific support infrastructure. These ensembles are all integrated into an overall urban context that includes a carefully managed recreational and therapeutic environment in a picturesque landscape. Together, these sites embody the significant interchange of human values and developments in medicine, science and balneology.

From our members:

serghei.belous visited from 12/29/2023 to 12/29/2023.

Planinar visited from 7/18/2022 to .

outlawcatcher visited from 6/1/2022 to 6/1/2022.

1353513636 visited from 1/28/2017 to 1/28/2017.

nitorch visited from 1/3/2009 to .